Our courses include practical courses and theory courses.

During the practical sailing courses, participants learn boat handling, sailing, practical navigation and skippering skills.

Theory courses complement practical sailing courses by providing background knowledge in navigation, seamanship, and safety.

The Course Outlines are shown below in three sections:

  • Practical Sailing Courses, The Association of Sailing Instructors in Finland, PORY
  • Theory courses on navigation, seamanship, and safety, The Royal Yachting Association, RYA
  • Specialty Courses, both practical and theory

Practical Sailing Courses

Practical sailing courses include three certified sailing courses: Sailing Crew, Inshore Skipper, and Coastal Skipper.

These courses are specified in the PORY sail training system which is externally audited by the Traffic Safety Agency (Trafi) in Finland. Purjehduksenopettajat PORY ry is a Finnish sailing instructors association that maintains and develops sail training system, and runs courses for sailing instructors. Course completion certificate of the Coastal Skipper course can be used as a proof of practical sailing skills when applying for the International Certificate of Competence (ICC) from Trafi.

Sailing Crew

Sailing Crew is a sailing course for beginners: no previous sailing experience or navigation theory knowledge is required before taking the course. The course provides skills to be a useful crew member on a sailboat. Minimum duration of the course is 32 hours.

Focus of the course: knowledge of terms; ropework; sail handling, boat handling; steering; introduction to collision regulations, weather forecasts; safety

Inshore Skipper

Inshore Skipper sailing course provides skills to skipper a cruising yacht in familiar waters. Minimum duration of the course is 32 hours.

Pre-course requirements: sailing experience as a crew member; theory knowledge up to Day Skipper Theory or Inshore Navigation level.

Focus of the course: preparations before going to sea; deck work; boat handling under power and sail; navigation; collision regulations; weather; emergency situations; skippering skills

Coastal Skipper

Coastal Skipper sailing course provides skills to skipper a cruising yacht in coastal passages during day and night. Minimum duration of the course is 32 hours.

Pre-course requirements: sailing experience as a crew member and as a skipper; theory knowledge up to Coastal Skipper/Yachtmaster Offshore Theory or Coastal Navigation level.

Focus of the course:  passage planning and passage making; ability as skipper; preparation for sea; boat handling under power and sail; navigation also during night;  adverse weather conditions; emergency situations

RYA theory courses on navigation, seamanship, and safety

Start your learning path with the leading international training organisation for yachting. RYA theory courses can be used as a proof of theory knowledge when applying in Finland for the International Certificate of Competence (ICC).

RYA Essential Navigation and Seamanship
  • This is an ideal first course for everyone interested in learning sailing, motor boating, or pretty much anything else on the water.
  • There is no formal assessment on this 16-hour course.
  • The course materials include course notes, exercises, RYA handy plotter, electronic chart plotter voucher, practice charts, certificate of completion and a free set of dividers.
  • The course includes a special lesson on the Finnish navigational and regulatory environment.

Course cyllabus:

1 Charts, Publications and Terms: Basic terms; chart overview; introduction to chart datum and depths

2 Buoyage: Lateral buoys; cardinal buoys; where to find information

3 Navigation: Plotting a position; measuring distance and bearing, position fix; heading

4 Safety: Personal and boat-safety equipment; safety procedures and briefing; communications; engine checks; rescue procedures

5 Anchoring: Where to anchor; how to anchor

6 Tides: Tidal streams; tidal heights

7 Electronic Navigation: GNSS terms; GNSS use; using waypoints

8 Rules of the Road: Risk of collision; who gives way

9 Weather Forecasts: Sources of forecast; terms used in forecast

10 Pilotage: Harbour information; transits; pilotage plan

11 Passage Planning: SOLAS V requirements; pre-planning; chart choice

RYA Day Skipper Theory
  • A comprehensive introduction to chartwork, navigation, meteorology and the basics of seamanship and safety for inshore waters
  • Provides the necessary pre-course knowledge to take the practical Inshore Skipper sailing course.
  • Course duration is 40 hours. The classroom sessions are during weekends and weekdays after working hours.
  • The course materials include practice charts, practice chart plotter software voucher, info and exercise booklet, course notes book, training almanac, course handouts, assessment papers and certificate of satisfactory completion
  • The course includes a special lesson on the Finnish navigational and regulatory environment.

 

Course syllabus:

1 Nautical terms: Parts of a boat and hull; general nautical terminology

2 Ropework: Knowledge of the properties of synthetic ropes in common use

3 Anchorwork: Characteristics of different types of anchor; factors to take into account when anchoring

4 Safety: Knowledge of the safety equipment to be carried, its stowage and use; fire precautions and fire fighting; use of personal safety equipment, harnesses and lifejackets; ability to send a distress signal by VHF radio; basic knowledge of rescue procedures including helicopter rescue; stability

5 International Regulations for Preventing Collision at Sea: Steering and sailing rules (5, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 12-19); general rules (all other rules)

6 Definition of Position, Course and Speed: Latitude and longitude; knowledge of standard navigational terms; true bearings and courses; the knot

7 Navigational Charts and Publications: Information shown on charts, chart symbols, and representation of direction and distance; navigational publications in common use; chart correction

8 Navigational Drawing Instruments: Use of parallel rulers, dividers and proprietary plotting devices

9 Compass: Application of variation; awareness of deviation and its causes; use of hand-bearing compass

10 Chartwork and Navigation – Traditional and Electronic: Dead reckoning and estimated position including an awareness of leeway: techniques of visual fixing; use of GNSS and chart plotters for position fixing; use of waypoints to fix position; course to steer

11 Tides and tidal streams: Tidal definitions, levels and datum; tide tables; Use of Admiralty method of determining tidal height at standard port; awareness of corrections for secondary ports; use of tidal diamonds and tidal stream atlases for chartwork

12 Visual Aids to Navigation: Lighthouses and beacons, light characteristics

13 Meteorology: Sources of broadcast meteorological information; knowledge of terms used in shipping forecasts, including the Beaufort Scale, and their significance to small craft; basic knowledge of highs, lows and fronts

14 Passage Planning: Preparation of navigational plan for short coastal passages; meteorological considerations in planning short coastal passages; use of and visual confirmation of waypoints on passage; importance of confirmation of position by an independent source; keeping a navigational record

15 Navigation in Restricted Visibility: Precautions to be taken in, and limitations imposed by, fog

16 Pilotage: Use of transits, leading lines and clearing lines; IALA system of buoyage (Regions A & B); use of sailing directions; pilotage plans and harbour entry

17 Marine Environment: Responsibility for avoiding pollution and protecting the marine environment

RYA Coastal Skipper/Yachtmaster Offshore Theory
  • This is an advanced course in navigation, meteorology, seamanship and safety for coastal and offshore waters
  • The assumed pre-course knowledge is the Day Skipper Theory Course, or another course of a similar standard.
  • Provides the necessary pre-course knowledge to take the practical Coastal Skipper sailing course.
  • Course duration is 40 hours. The classroom sessions are during weekends and weekdays after working hours.
  • The course materials include practice charts, electronic practice chart plotter voucher, training almanac, exercises, course book and notes, assessment papers and certificate of satisfactory completion.
  • The course includes a special lesson on the Finnish navigational and regulatory environment.

 

The purpose of the course is to provide background knowledge in navigation, seamanship, and safety for the practical sailing course at Coastal Skipper level. The course is also valid for motor boat skippers.

The Coastal Skipper/Yachtmaster Offshore Theory course provides the background knowledge for those who are preparing to RYA/MCA Yachtmaster examinations at Coastal or Offshore levels.

Course syllabus:

1 Position: Dead reckoning and estimated position; satellite-derived position; use of waypoints to fix position; radar fixes; techniques of visual fixing; fixes using a mixture of position lines; relative accuracy of different methods of position fixing; areas of uncertainty

2 The Magnetic Compass: Allowance for variation; change of variation with time and position; causes of deviation; compass checks for deviation, but not correction; allowance for deviation; different types of compass

3 Tides: Causes of tides – springs and neaps; tide tables – sources; tide levels and datum; standard and secondary ports; tidal anomalies (Solent, etc.)

4 Tidal Streams: Sources of tidal information; tidal stream information in sailing directions and yachtmen’s almanacs; allowance for tidal streams in computing a course to steer; tide rips, overfalls and races; tidal observation buoys, beacons etc.

5 Buoyage: IALA system buoyage in Region A; limitations of buoys as navigational aids

6 Lights: Characteristics; ranges – visual, luminous and nominal; rising and dipping distances; light lists

7 Pilotage: Harbour regulations and control signals; methods of pre-planning; clearing lines; use of soundings; transits and leading lines

8 GNSS and Chart Plotters: Principles of operation and limitations of use; raster and vector charts; datum; the importance of secondary means position fixing via an independent source and keeping a separate record of position; the importance of paper charts

9 Echo Sounders: Principles of operation and limitations of use

10 Logs (Speed and Distance Measuring): Principles of operation and limitations of use

11 Deck Log: The importance of log as yacht’s official document; layout of log, hourly and occasional entries

12 Meteorology: Basic terms, the Beaufort Scale; air masses; cloud types; weather patterns associated with pressure and frontal systems; sources of weather forecast; ability to interpret a shipping forecast, weatherfax and weather satellite information; land and sea breezes; sea fog; use of barometer as a forecasting aid

13 Rules of the Road: A sound knowledge of the International Regulations for Preventing Collision at Sea, except Annexes 1 and 3

14 Safety at Sea: Personal safety, use of life jackets, safety harnesses and lifelines; fire prevention and fire fighting; distress signals; Coastguard and Boat Safety Scheme; preparation for heavy weather; life rafts and helicopter rescue; understanding of capabilities of vessel and basic knowledge of stability

15 Navigation in Restricted Visibility: Precautions to be taken in fog; limitations to safe navigation imposed by fog; navigation strategy in poor visibility

16 Passage Planning: Preparation of charts and notebook for route planning and for use on passage at sea; Customs regulations as they apply to yachts; routine for navigating in coastal waters; strategy for course laying; use of and visual confirmation of waypoints and routes; use of weather forecast information for passage planning strategy; sources of local and national regulations

17 Marine Environment: The responsibility to minimize pollution and protect the marine environment

Special Cources

Special courses include both practical and shorebased courses. Purpose of special courses is to provide additional knowledge and skills to support the core theory and practical courses.

Practical Special Courses

Sail-a-Day

Sail-a-Day practical sailing cruise is an excellent opportunity to sail one day in a team and learn specific skills based on individual needs and current skill level. Each participant may select a special theme to guide the sail training day:

  • Introduction to sailing. This is for beginners to give a taste of sailing and cruising lifestyle.
  • Practical navigation. How all the navigation theories are put into practice.
  • Boat handling techniques.
  • Sailing tactics and sail trimming. Wind awareness and deciding how to reach a destination; sail trimming along the way
  • Skippering a cruising yacht. Understanding, prioritizing and implementing skippering tasks
  • Separately agreed custom theme

Before going for sea, a passage plan and individual exercise plans are made.

Sail-a-Day course is nominally an 8-hour course during one day or two evenings.

Harbour manoeuvring

This is a half-day course for practicing boat handling in confined spaces, and berthing and unberthing in different conditions.

Night sailing exercises

Navigation, sailing, boat handling, and safety during night.

Shorebased Special Courses

Skippering techniques

Skippering Techniques is a one evening shorebased course addressing topics that yacht skippers should be aware of or have a working knowledge. On a general level, the topics include skipper’s responsibilities, passage planning & implementation, maintaining a happy crew, safety issues and boat management.

Tidal water sailing

Tidal water sailing requires specific knowledge and practical skills. The course focuses on three areas: accounting for tidal streams in navigation, calculation and applications of tidal heights, and practical boat handling in tidal conditions.

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